April - Diamond

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April Birthstone

Characteristics

Diamond has remarkable optical characteristics. Combined with wide transparency, this results in the clear, colorless appearance of most natural diamonds. Small amounts of defects or impurities color diamond blue, yellow, brown, green, purple, pink, orange or red. Shades of yellow are most common, followed by colorless. Blue, reddish, and greenish are more valuable. The characteristics of a diamond are referred to as the “four C’s”, which stand for carat, color, clarity and cut. In addition to the “four C’s” other important features are fluorescence and shape.

History

Diamonds have been known since antiquity. The Greeks named this gemstone adamas, meaning invincible or unbreakable. The earliest recognized sources of diamonds were placer deposits east of the Deccan Highlands in India, in the region called Golconda. These deposits produced many large, famous, and high-quality stones, including the fabulous blue Hope Diamond. Diamonds have been known in India for at least 3,000 years but most likely 6,000 years and were first used as religious icons.

Mystical Properties

Astrologically, Diamond is the birthstone of April (and brings the wearer luck.) It is also the gemstone for the 10th and 60th anniversary. Diamond is supposed to strengthen the planet Venus to increase luxury and enjoyment in your life. It is also said to enhance relationships and increase inner strength, balance and clarity.